Jewish Route in the Pilsen Region
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Chyse     Chyse - Chiesch
Last period of communist rule badly damaged the area of the Jewish ghetto. It was situated in the middle of the village near the townhall.
We can still recognize its original shape, but there are no remains of the buildings except couple of the rebuilded houses. Even the synagogue and the cemetery were destroyed in the ´70th.
Chyse is an old town, its history starts already in the 12th century. First mention is from 1169.
The fortress was probably built even earlier, because the son of Strez - Odolen live here. He guarded the king Vladislav on his way to Milan in 1158. That´s why he is considered as one of the father of Petipesk from Chyse.
The fortress was later rebuilded into a castle but we can not see it here too.
There is another castle situated on this place, this castle was rebuilded from a renesance style into a neogothical style.
The author of the latest renovation was Ignac Ulmann.
Another important man in this village was the most famous czech writter Karel Capek. He spent here the year of 1917 and used the description of the castle in his work Krakatit.
The castle was returned to his owner after restitution and nowadays is all newly reconstructed.
There is a museum and memorial of Karel Capek.
In 1473 the village was privileged as a town and new surrounding walls were build too.
The Karmelitans closter was build from the same period, later canceled. A part of the closter was the St. Maria´s church. The whole unit was expensively rebuilded into the early baroque style. There used to be a valuable interier , unfortunately nowadays is the whole building in a very bad shape.
Another church building is a St. Cross church standing on the hill called Spicberk. It is originaly from the 17th century and it was also several times rebuilded.
The whole village was unfortunately damaged by the socialistic style of building. There are only few surviving baroque buildings. The rest are mainly block of flats.

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